Are there universities that offer degrees in historical revisionism. As an industry it really should be monitored and indexed like NASDAQ. It pays very well, either in money or back slapping, or both. It might also be as addictive as morphine derivatives. People start and they just cannot stop without intervention, How to debunk George W. Bush’s attempts at revisionism. Your definitive guide to the Bush cronies’ talking points, and why all of them are insane. It is probably just a coincidence that Bush’s reputation is being refurbished as his library opens. All modern presidents have them. They are privately funded, though some of them receive local or state funds – the thinking goes that they are tourist attractions and will thus pay for themselves. The prblem is that once they are built “transferred to the Federal government and operated and maintained by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) through its congressional appropriated operating budget.” If you hate Bill Clinton or Ronald Reagan, you still pay for their library. I tend to think their funding should be completely private. We need libraries, but not particularly presidential ones. Their papers are stored, by law, in the National Archives, so it is not like you cannot research them by way of primary sources. Anyway, back to the revisionism. Why are so many grown-up people with mortgages and good educations lying, massaging and spinning the G.W. Bush record. In addition to the money these analysts and “experts” get paid, they might also be getting some ego gratification from themselves and the conservative circle of deceit, Refusing to apologize can have psychological benefits (and we issue no mea culpa for this research finding)
Despite an understanding of the perception and consequences of apologies for their recipients, little is known about the consequences of interpersonal apologies, or their denial, for the offending actor. In two empirical studies, we examined the unexplored psychological consequences that follow from a harm-doer’s explicit refusal to apologize. Results showed that the act of refusing to apologize resulted in greater self-esteem than not refusing to apologize. Moreover, apology refusal also resulted in increased feelings of power/control and value integrity, both of which mediated the effect of refusal on self-esteem. These findings point to potential barriers to victim–offender reconciliation after an interpersonal harm, highlighting the need to better understand the psychology of harm-doers and their defensive behavior for self-focused motives.
Not always, but sometimes I don’t like to apologize. Not literally, but certainly figuratively, I grit my teeth and do the right thing. Though I have never felt any satisfaction from not giving an apology to someone who had one coming.