Aiding, rescuing or hiding Jews during the early 1940s was a dangerous business. There are degrees of antisemitism, with the Third Reich obviously carrying that to the most horrific extremes. That still leaves quite a few Europeans who did not approve of what the Nazis were doing, yet whose antisemitism or fear kept them from helping their fellow citizens. Still there were quite a few Europeans that despite the possibility of imprisonment or death did help the Jews. This report from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum uses several historical sources to document some of those heroic efforts: Rescue of Jews during the Holocaust presented a host of difficulties
German-occupied Denmark was the site of the most famous and complete rescue operation in Axis-controlled Europe. In late summer 1943, German occupation authorities imposed martial law on Denmark in response to increasing acts of resistance and sabotage. German Security Police officials planned to deport the Danish Jews while martial law was in place. On September 28, 1943, a German businessman warned Danish authorities of the impending operation, scheduled for the night of October 1-2, 1943. With the help of their non-Jewish neighbors and friends, virtually all the Danish Jews went into hiding. During the following days, the Danish resistance organized a rescue operation, in which Danish fishermen clandestinely ferried some 7,200 Jews (of the country’s total Jewish population of 7,800) in small fishing boats, to safety in neutral Sweden.
In the so-called Generalgouvernement (German-occupied Poland), some Poles provided assistance to Jews. For instance, Zegota (code name for Rada Pomocy Zydom, the Council for Aid to Jews), a Polish underground organization that provided for the social welfare needs of Jews, began operations in September 1942. Although members of the nationalist Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa-AK) and the communist Polish People’s Army (Armia Ludowa-AL) assisted Jewish fighters by attacking German positions during the Warsaw ghetto uprising in April 1943, the Polish underground provided few weapons and only a small amount of ammunition to Jewish fighters.
The religions of the rescuers included Protestants, Muslims, Catholics and Eastern Orthodox. That Polish communists also helped the Jews is yet another thing for Jonah Goldberg and Glenn Beck to explain when they assert that Nazism and communism are exactly the same thing.
Alexander Archipenko – Two Nude Female Figures 1923. Archipenko (May 30, 1887 – February 25, 1964) was born in Kiev, in present-day Ukraine. He immigrated to the U.S. and became a citizen in 1929. Archipenko in contrast to Picasso is a more accessible artist of the Cubist school. He always utilized some fluidity of line that humanized his subjects. While not always or ever completely, Picasso, the more famous cubist, was more detached from his subjects, striving to convey his thoughts. Where as Archipenko was almost voyeuristic. Trying to reveal some of the emotional intimacy of his subjects. MOMA has some of his sculpture, including the famous Madonna of the Rocks (1912) along with some paintings and sketches.
Does this explain my headaches and visions of blue unicorns – How Dark Matter Interacts with the Human Body. Dark matter must collide with human tissue, and physicists have now calculated how often. The answer? More often than you might expect. You know that some very eccentric people are going to eat this up like Rush Limbaugh eating plates of toe nails.
new york street advertisements circa 1900. the one to the left is for corsets – possibly french or just given a french label. corsets are old torture devices or Madonna customs. depends on your pov.
Glenn Greenwald’s latest on our wacky national security policies – U.S. filmmaker repeatedly detained at border
In an age of international travel — where large numbers of citizens, especially those involved in sensitive journalism and activism, frequently travel outside the country — this power renders the protections of the Fourth Amendment entirely illusory. By virtue of that amendment, if the government wants to search and seize the papers and effects of someone on U.S. soil, it must (with some exceptions) first convince a court that there is probable cause to believe that the objects to be searched relate to criminal activity and a search warrant must be obtained. But now, none of those obstacles — ones at the very heart of the design of the Constitution — hinders the U.S. government: now, they can just wait until you leave the country, and then, at will, search, seize and copy all of your electronic files on your return. That includes your emails, the websites you’ve visited, the online conversations you’ve had, the identities of those with whom you’ve communicated, your cell phone contacts, your credit card receipts, film you’ve taken, drafts of documents you’re writing, and anything else that you store electronically: which, these days, when it comes to privacy, means basically everything of worth.
Except for the usual civil liberties gadflies like myself there is not likely to be much outrage over yet another chronicle of how far we have strayed from some very basic tenets of the U.S. Constitution. In a poll just released from Quinnipac most residents of New Jersey approve of NYPD surveillance of citizens who are guilty of being….Muslim. Fear or more aptly paranoia drives people to think in ways that defy any rational thinking.
Every breath you take
And every move you make