While some people think Ned Kelly was some kind of outlaw that fought against what he considered unjust laws, amid all that perverse brand of social activism he was a cold-blooded murderer, Ned Kelly tattoos – Origins and forensic implications
Tattoos depicting Ned Kelly, a 19th-century Australian bushranger (outlaw) are occasionally encountered in the contemporary Australian population at forensic autopsy. To determine the characteristics of decedents with such tattoos, twenty cases were identified in the autopsy files at Forensic Science SA. All of the decedents were white males (100%) with an age range of 20–67yrs (average 37yrs). Seventeen of the deaths (85%) were unnatural, due to suicide in eight cases (40%), accidents in seven cases (35%) and homicide in two cases (10%). Compared to the general autopsy population suicides and homicides were 2.7 and 7.7 times higher, respectively, than would be expected, with a striking male predominance. A Ned Kelly tattoo identified at autopsy in another country or in a disaster victim identification situation may suggest that the decedent was Australian or had a connection with that country. Although the population studied is highly selected, individuals with these tattoos had an above average incidence of traumatic deaths.
My ability to believe in magic is severely disabled so I tend not to think the tattoos had any influence in such destructive and self-destructive behavior. The sample is awfully small – we do not know how many people total with Ned Kelly tattoos lead productive lives and died a natural death – though there might be enough evidence to suggest that some anti-social personalities in Australia are drawn to getting Ned tattoos.
Justice Thomas has sat on at least 11 cases where a Harlan Crow-affiliated group filed a brief — adopting the group’s preferred outcome in all but one case. Moreover, Thomas has yet to explain the full extent of his connections to Crow, despite news reports that Crow lavished gifts and other expensive favors on Thomas and his family. Nor has Thomas explained how his gifting scandal differs from the very similar gifting scandal that brought down Justice Abe Fortas.
Some what remarkable that the SCOTUS is supposed to be largely self policing – voluntarily adhering to certain ethics guidelines. While Justice Antonin Scalia has also pushed some ethical limits, the court has been done fairly well operating on a kind of honor system. It is also remarkable how fast such a system breaks down when just one or two people think they’re above the rules.
I would suggest one not engage in anthropomorphism while contemplating this article, Model examines factors that contribute to the emergence of new species
Mate choice, competition, and the variety of resources available are the key factors influencing how a species evolves into separate species, according to a new mathematical model that integrates all three factors to reveal the dynamics at play in a process called sympatric speciation.
Titled “Factors influencing progress toward sympatric speciation,” the paper appears in today’s edition of the Journal of Evolutionary Biology.
New species more commonly occur when plants or animals cannot interbreed because of strong mate choice, and therefore they become isolated genetically. A less common type of speciation, called “sympatric,” occurs when a new species arises from a single population that has no geographic or physical barriers. A famous example is the Rhagoleitis pomonella fruit fly that originally feasted on the fruit of hawthorn trees, then shifted and began to feed on apples, evolving into a more genetically distinct type of fly.
The new model integrates three key factors that can lead to sympatric speciation: the degree to which male foraging traits influence female mate choice, the degree to which different individuals compete for resources, and the variety of resources available. By incorporating three different factors together, the study’s authors, Xavier Thibert-Plante, a postdoctoral fellow at the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis, and Andrew P. Hendry, an associate professor at McGill University, have taken a different more inclusive approach than in previous studies, which examine one or a few primary factors.
Under perfect conditions in their model sympatric speciation is rare. Still it does happen as in the case of the Rhagoleitis pomonella fruit fly where the choice of mate pushed the population to resource specialization, thus reliant on different resources than the original population. Not a phenomenon likely to be observed in modern humans since we’ve long pass the time when different hominid populations were sufficiently separate. Though mate selection might be open to debate as a factor is modern evolution – that is if modern human evolution is occurring at all.