To stay warm in Antarctica’s bitterly cold conditions, emperor penguins are known to form tight huddles. Researchers now report that while in these huddles, the penguins move in a coordinated periodic wave. This allows every penguin a chance to move from the colder outer region of the huddle into the warmer inner region.
Penguins form such tight huddles that it would be impossible for an individual to make an isolated movement, said Daniel P. Zitterbart, a physicist from the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg and the study’s first author.
Their coordinated movement takes place every 30 to 60 seconds at a speed of about five inches per second. I’m not an expert of the physics of optics, but the researchers states this has never been noticed before because it is not particularly observable to casual observation. They used time-lapse photography to document the penguin’s warming strategy. individuals in the group have to be aware they are participating in a group activity. Seeing how not coordinating with others would thrown off the whole group individuals must also be aware that failure to carry out one’s part has negative consequences. In a recent rereading of some basic philosophy about the normative sense of the word rational and how it relates to the human capacity for rationalism. Humans can capable of rationalism though it is also obvious that we are not always rational. It probably best that we are not one hundred percent rational all the time. A realization not to be stretched like taffy to vindicate behavior which is detrimental to others. Sometimes saving someone in an emergency is not particularly rational. In the heat of the moment thoughts of self-preservation and the practical are trumped by feelings of irrational altruism. The conventional wisdom is that humans are the only animals capable of rational thought. Observing other creatures is tricky. A tendency to anthropomorphize can seep into the observation. In trying to understand how penguins came to choice this remarkable technique to stay warm, is it they stumbled upon this beneficial behavior millions of years ago, those who participated survived, thus it became ingrained in their genes as an instinct or are they also acting rationally for self-preservation.
Our Citizens and Corporations Pay Much Less Than They Once Did and Much Less Than in Most Other Countries
The United States is a low-tax country. That’s true for individuals and for corporations, and it’s true whether you compare us to other countries or the America of the past. No matter how you slice it the conclusion is the same.
Conservatives like to claim that our budget deficits are purely a “spending problem.” Said Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY): “We don’t have this problem because we tax too little. We have it because we spent too much.”
It’s a popular talking point, but it simply isn’t true. Deficits do not stem from spending levels alone. They are the product of a mismatch between spending and revenue. And when revenue is as low as ours is, you end up with big deficits.
There has been no new sending binge. The spending in the federal budget for 2009/2010 has been about the same pattern for spending of the decade before that. A few things made the deficit worse and it wasn’t grandma living large on Medicare. Two wars which were not paid for by the administration that started them. The recession cost the nation around $17 trillion dollars in wealth. The Bush tax cuts cost three-quarters of a trillion dollars so far. And are projected to cost more the longer they are in effect. The choices as presented by all the serious adults in the Village say we have to gut Medicare, Medicaid, education and other programs that keep many Americans out of poverty. It would just be crazy to rise taxes on the Koch brothers and all those multimillion dollar bonus babies on Wall St. Let’s not admit we have a revenue problem and all join the Mitch McConnell school of math. Where one millionaire is worth the lives of 10 million Americans.