A once fertile landmass now submerged beneath the Persian Gulf may have been home to some of the earliest human populations outside Africa, according to an article published in Current Anthropology.
Jeffrey Rose, an archaeologist and researcher with the University of Birmingham in the U.K., says that the area in and around this “Persian Gulf Oasis” may have been host to humans for over 100,000 years before it was swallowed up by the Indian Ocean around 8,000 years ago. Rose’s hypothesis introduces a “new and substantial cast of characters” to the human history of the Near East, and suggests that humans may have established permanent settlements in the region thousands of years before current migration models suppose.
It has been a lost civilization gold rush of sorts along the Persian Gulf with several villages discovered that showed signs of high level development in government, tool making, the arts and what may turn out to be the world’s oldest finely crafted boat. The discovery of all these finds lead archaeologists to wonder where they all came from. Why would there be a kind of ancient suburbia appearing at one point in history. They likely fled floods which are known to have submerged the Persian Gulf basin around 8,000 years ago. We’re talking a land area – an oasis of the Gulf – about the size of modern Great Britain. Researchers think some keys insights into human migration and evolution may be hidden in the silt beneath the Gulf.
Yesterday, House Republicans dealt the Tea Party and conservative advocacy groups a blow by electing Rep. Hal Rogers (R-KY) to chair the powerful Appropriations Committee next year.
Rogers is a famous earmarker, and a lot of critics see this as a harbinger that the GOP earmark ban might not be as ironclad as they’d like folks to believe. But just how much earmarking did Rogers really do? Enough to be named “Porker of the Month” by an anti-pork pressure group just four months ago.
Rogers alone is a baby step compared to former conservative Republican Speaker of the House Tom Delay (R-TX) who ran the K-Street Project. Conservative lobbyist Jack Abramoff was a prominent part of the culture of corruption which reached modern political era heights during the Bush administration. Kevin Spacey recently made a movie based on Abramoff – Casino Jack. Unfortunately in some ways Spacey gives such a charismatic performance he almost makes Abramoff charming.
Imitation Van Gogh mural from the Cafe Van Kleef. The Van Kleef is a cafe in California. I’ll leave it to viewers to figure out who the figures are, except the last one. The bearded gentleman is from a self-portrait of Vincent.
The papers show how Eisenhower and his staff spent two years preparing for his goodbye to the nation and why he decided to include his concern about how America’s military building had come to dictate foreign policy in the speech. One document features a typewritten note from Eisenhower lamenting that when he joined the military in 1911, there were 84,000 Army soldiers _ a number that ballooned roughly ten-fold by 1960.
“The direct result of this continued high level of defense expenditures has been to create a permanent armaments industry of vast proportions, where none had existed before,” he wrote in the passage, a variation of which reached the delivered speech on Jan. 17, 1961.
Eisenhower biographer David Nichols noted that while the speech is known for the phrase “military-industrial complex,” the president had warned about military growth and the Cold War threats throughout his presidency.
“He was always talking about the Cold War and the threat to American values and the danger that America would become a garrison state,” Nichols said. “The military wanted a lot more than he was willing to give them. It frustrated the Army. He thought about it all the time.”
Grant Moos who is the son of Eisenhower aide Malcolm Moos discovered the papers in a cabin in Minnesota. While Eisenhower was prescient in his views of the military industrial complex, that phenomena is perhaps equaled by the bed wetting paranoia of the general population.
“And today the Great Yertle, that Marvelous he
Is King of the Mud. That is all he can see.”
from Yertle the Turtle and Other Stories by Dr Seuss