The children who saw the adult put the arrow on the incorrect cup quickly figured out that they shouldn’t believe her. But the kids who heard the adult say the sticker was under a particular cup continued to take her word for where it was. Of those 16 children, nine never once found the sticker. Even when the adult had already misled them seven times in a row, on the eighth chance, they still looked under the cup where she said the sticker was. (At the end of the study, the children were given all the stickers whether or not they’d found any of them.)
“Children have developed a specific bias to believe what they’re told,” says Jaswal. “It’s sort of a short cut to keep them from having to evaluate what people say. It’s useful because most of the time parents and caregivers tell children things that they believe to be true.” Of course, there are times when people do lie to children—about Santa Claus, for example, but also in less innocuous situations. Jaswal says it is useful to understand the specifics of children’s trusting natures—in this case, to understand that they believe what people tell them, but can be more skeptical about information delivered in other ways.
I can understand a three year old’s predicament. Adults are their conduits to the world. Children even as young as three are curious and as any parent knows are pretty amazing at figuring out new ways to cause havoc via their curiosity. An adult tells them something which is at various with what they see and kinda think they understand, and sure more often than not what the adult says overrides critical thinking. Former Bush Secretary of State Condi Rice says mistakes were made in Iraq
“I do believe I would take Saddam Hussein out of power again, but of course in the rebuilding of Iraq … I would do things differently,” Rice said. “I think we put too much emphasis on Baghdad and not enough emphasis on the provinces. Perhaps we didn’t fully understand the degree to which the society would start to come apart as a result of being held in tyranny for all those years.”
At the same time, Rice said it is still too early to fully judge the success or failure of that war or other foreign policy issues in the administration of George W. Bush.
“Sometimes things that look terrific at the time look pretty bad in retrospect, and vice versa, so ultimately this is a story that will be written in history,” said Rice, who served as secretary of state for the second of Bush’s two four-year terms as president.
The of the greatest recent historical disasters to occur was the meltdown at Chernobyl. A disaster which could have been prevented. Chernobyl may recover some day. If anything that is a preventable can eventually rebuild does that mean that all such disasters might be ignored or rationalized away in the warm fog of history. Rice was one of the major fabricators of administration propaganda in the lead up to the invasion of Iraq – which given time and billions of U.S. dollars will rebuild. It is with some regret that I confess I have lost much of the faith I had in adults when I was three and serial lying equivocators such as Rice are part of the reason why. While I think Hester Prynne got a raw deal there is something to be said for officially shunning those who by way of their authority have betrayed the public trust. Unfortunately President Obama does not share that belief – A political culture free of accountability
I realize this is very childish, shrill and unpragmatic of me. All Serious people know that it’s critical to let Bygones be Bygones and that Serious National Security officials must meet with one another across partisan lines to share their wisdom and insights. Still, the fact that Obama is not only shielding from all accountability, but meeting in the Oval Office with, the person who presided over the Bush White House’s torture-approval-and-choreographing meetings and who was responsible for the single most fear-mongering claim leading to the Iraq War, speaks volumes about the accountability-free nature of Washington culture and this White House.
tells the story of a Dutch woman whose life is seen from the point of view of a fairground shooting gallery.
The chronological series begins in 1936, when a 16-year-old girl from Tilburg in Holland picks up a gun and shoots at the target in a shooting gallery. Every time she hits the target, it triggers the shutter of a camera and a portrait of the girl in firing pose is taken and given as a prize.
Probably a nice lady, but there is something surreal about her obsession.
GOP U.S. Senate candidate Pat Toomey (PA) Blames Country’s Economic Woes On Progressive Legislation That Hasn’t Even Passed Yet. This yet another argument in favor of health care reform. Clearly some people who need their meds are not getting them.