Atkinson and his colleague Michelle Rowe measured hand length, foot length, thigh length and hip width on 60 white female college students, then adjusted each measurement to account for individual differences in overall height. For each of 16 body-part measurements, they selected the eight women with the shortest lengths and the eight with the longest, and constructed morphs of their faces. These morphs were then rated for attractiveness by 77 heterosexual male students.
The men were three-and-a-half times as likely to pick the short-footed morph as more attractive, and almost 10 times as likely to say it was more feminine, Atkinson and Rowe found.
How or why does the brain or has the male brain evolved some deeply embedded cognitive scheme which correlates faces, thighs, pelvis region and feet to recognize a morph that represents the best physical qualities in a potential mate. The researchers think the sum of these qualities are markers for a woman who had a healthy childhood. Nutrition and a less harsh childhood do have an effect on hormones which in turn have an effect on development. Those women who had a better childhood took longer to develop and were less likely to have overly thick thighs, broad hips and large feet. Morphs of men produced mixed responses from women. Men with long torsos tended to get a better response. Something of a surprise that women prefer men with slim wrists. Whether for men or women these are trends in responses. Without a doubt some readers could care less about feet or torso length. Though these findings help explain why in the media, magazines and art there is a relatively small range of looks that dominate the images we see.
What Mr. Johns, Mr. Gingrich, and others brandishing the “socialist” s-word are really complaining of is a return to the policies of John Maynard Keynes, the English economist who advocated vigorous government involvement in the economy, from regulation to pump priming, says labor historian Peter Rachleff of Macalester College in St. Paul, Minn.
“Socialism suggests getting rid of capitalism altogether,” says Dr. Rachleff. “Mr. Obama is not within a million miles of an ideology like that.”
For what it’s worth, socialists deny that Obama is one of them – and even seem a bit insulted by the suggestion.
“I have been making a living telling people Obama is not a socialist,” says Frank Llewellyn, national director of the Democratic Socialists of America. “It’s frustrating to see people using our brand to criticize programs that have nothing to do with our brand and are not even working.”
Adds Billy Wharton,co-chair of the Socialist Party USA: “I am not even sure he’s a liberal. I call him a hedge fund Democrat.”
Two often repeated proofs that president Obama is a socialist are the TARP bail-out and the bail-out of GM in particular. Both of those financial rescues started under Bush, were voted for by most Republicans on the recommendation of a conservative head of the Federal Reserve. Obama only looks like a socialist if your ass is cutting off oxygen flow or your concept of what constitutes a free market economy is corporate collectivism or what some historians have called smiley faced fascism. All backed up by some historical research that makes the Three Stooges look like astrophysicists. In “Atlas Shrugged” Ayn Rand’s assertion that some men seem to like jail otherwise would we not have so much recidivism has a grain of truth. The same can be said of conservatives and bad government. Dictating from the executive branch, which they have dominated most of the last sixty years, conservatives must love broken down elitist capitalism that rewards wealth for its own sake and is condescending to labor. It keeps bringing back the cycles of extremes which carpenters and nurses pay for, while Wall St wunderkinds snicker behind their aged brandy at the club. “Hedge fund Democrat” is probably about right except throw in the triangulation in which Democrats protect the club from making any sacrifices while they toss some modest progressive changes to the working class. Maybe that is all which is possible in a country where the far left is defined by the truly rabid right as anything moderate and Keynesian.
A slide show of Times’ Best Blogs of the Year. Some of the choices are fine while others are so bad it compromises the reputations of the good ones by being on the same list.