In United States even by 1830, 43 years after the adoption of the U.S. Constitution there was still a level of uncertainty as to what republicanism was – small r republicanism and in our case a representative system where political leaders are elected and the people enjoy the freedoms and responsibilities of democracy. The Revolutionary war, the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and the public perception was one of a nation of workers where there was equality under the law, no privilege based on old European customs of titled gentry and a general mood of egalitarianism. As much as these were ideals – they were not particularly issues for America’s upper class whose property and wealth has been passed down through family, but one that occupied the minds of the growing working class. What were working conditions supposed to be like under this new republic. How long was the work day supposed to be in this new political landscape and economy. Adam Smith had published his writings on economics, but this was before Karl Marx. Any theories on how labor should operate would thus not have been based on Marxist or modern socialist’s ideas. A Rhode Island journeyman carpenter named Seth Luther did have progressive ideas about how this democratic republicanism ( Thomas Jefferson created the party called Democratic Republicans – predecessor to today’s Democratic party. The only other major political party of the time was Alexander Hamilton’s Federalists). In a very Jeffersonian fashion Luther declared, “The Declaration of Independence was the work of a combination, and was as hateful to the TRAITORS and TORIES of those days, as combination among working men are now to the avaricious MONOPOLISTIC and purse-proud ARISTOCRAT”. Luther was one of the founders of the Boston Trade Union. He moved south for a while where he witnessed slavery first hand and later became a voice for the abolish of slavery. He also wrote pamphlets – the early version of blogging – in which he advocated the ten hour work day. Many workers worked from dawn until after sunset or at their boss’s convenience. He was also among a group of labor activists responsible for the first child labor law regulations in the state of Massachusetts. As is usual if you study someone enough from history or the present you can find something to damn them with. Luther died in an insane asylum after suffering for years with poor health.
Michael Sulick, head of the CIA’s National Clandestine Service, told a student audience last week that the spy agency has seen no fall-off in intelligence since waterboarding was banned by the Obama administration.
“I don’t think we’ve suffered at all from an intelligence standpoint,” Sulick told students and some faculty members at Fordham University, his alma mater, on March 25. “But I don’t want to talk about [it from] a legal, moral or ethical standpoint.”
Laws tend to be based on moral sensibilities, and torture has been designated as immoral and illegal for some time. Weatherboarding violates the Convention Against Torture, the War Crimes Act, and the U.S. anti-torture statutes. Nothing to discuss other than the John Yoo-George Bush school of rationalizing and ethics shifting which makes the president king and everything he does legal. The tea baggers were asleep at home in their caves apparently when this assault on the Constitution was taking place. This news also doesn’t do much for the veracity of Marc Thiessen who wrote a book about how torture has been the best thing since cane whippings at Jesuit schools. Thiessen’s Disaster — Wash. Post columnist’s anti-Obama book filled with falsehoods