Biologists all over the world have been eagerly awaiting the results of the genetic analysis of one of the world’s smallest known species, hereafter called the protozoan, from a little lake 30 kilometer south of Oslo in Norway.
When researchers from the University of Oslo, Norway compared its genes with all other known species in the world, they saw that the protozoan did not fit on any of the main branches of the tree of life. The protozoan is not a fungus, alga, parasite, plant or animal.
“We have found an unknown branch of the tree of life that lives in this lake. It is unique! So far we know of no other group of organisms that descend from closer to the roots of the tree of life than this species. It can be used as a telescope into the primordial micro-cosmos,” says an enthusiastic associate professor, Kamran Shalchian-Tabrizi, head of the Microbial Evolution Research Group (MERG) at the University of Oslo.
Like modern eukaryote cells this one has a membrane and a nucleus. Yet it evolved around one billion years ago, thus the connection to modern organisms. Human sperm cells with their one flagellum – a defining characteristic that makes it a cousin of plants, algae and excavates (single-celled parasites) which originally had two flagella. The oldest known protozoan had four flagellum, while the oldest known ameobae had one. This Norway protozoan combines branches of evolutionary life with the same intracellular structure as excavates, yet it uses the same protuberances as amoebae to catch its food – algae and other protozoans.
Lost in Translation: Tattoos and Cultural Appropriation. Every culture has appropriated everything from food to architecture from other cultures. In the case of tattoos and Japanese or Chinese characters people are taking characters that they like or may have some subconscious artistic appeal without verifying what it actually stands for. If you mean to get a character that means Loyalty, yet get one that means Noodles, will you be able to talk yourself into believing it doesn’t mater when someone who reads Chinese tells you the real meaning.
Fox Won’t Let Go Of Ridiculous Myth That Obama “Apologized” For America. Those darn adults and their do what I say not what I do hypocrisy. None of the examples cited in the article support the Obama Derangement Sufferers version of events. Yet like every culture in the world kids in the good ol USA are told when they are young to admit mistakes and apologize. The reality is that when you get older, conservatives are saying that one should remain perpetually infantile – to never admit mistakes or to apologize. This is a sure way to infantilize an entire nation.
picture of pictures an ode to instagram.
The Real Roots of Sexism in the Middle East (It’s Not Islam, Race, or ‘Hate’) - Arab societies suffer from deep misogyny, but the problem is not as particularly Arab or Islamic as you might think. Interesting article. Sexism does have its primary roots in human evolution. While there is still a way to go most Western Christians have adopted quite a bit of modernity into their thinking and cast off the worse part of their religious dogma. Regardless of its roots, Islam needs to do the way if it wants to advance economically and culturally. Its unfortunate that the trolls invaded the comment section of that article and used the opportunity to show that many Christians have cultural attributed as backwards as Iran’s mullahs.
How do you make a lie into a nation wide meme, repeat as often as possible: Regulation Reporting Malpractice Continues: Newspapers Increase Usage Of “Job-Killing Regulation” Language By 17,550%
If we were properly regulated, an actual free market economy, we would not have this – Way Too Big To Fail – 5 banks Own 56% of the Economy. Yet the very same people who accuse Democrats of being socialists will not let anyone break these banks up into smaller competitive entities.
Steampunk | Off Book | PBS
Johnny Nash – I Can See Clearly Now