mankind’s remotest relative is a very rare micro-organism, never admit wrong never apologize, picture of pictures

Mankind’s remotest relative is a very rare micro-organism from south-Norway

Biologists all over the world have been eagerly awaiting the results of the genetic analysis of one of the world’s smallest known species, hereafter called the protozoan, from a little lake 30 kilometer south of Oslo in Norway.

When researchers from the University of Oslo, Norway compared its genes with all other known species in the world, they saw that the protozoan did not fit on any of the main branches of the tree of life. The protozoan is not a fungus, alga, parasite, plant or animal.

“We have found an unknown branch of the tree of life that lives in this lake. It is unique! So far we know of no other group of organisms that descend from closer to the roots of the tree of life than this species. It can be used as a telescope into the primordial micro-cosmos,” says an enthusiastic associate professor, Kamran Shalchian-Tabrizi, head of the Microbial Evolution Research Group (MERG) at the University of Oslo.

GLIMPSE INTO PRIMORDIAL TIMES: Genetic analyses of a micro-organism that lives in the sludge of a lake in Ås, 30 km south of Oslo i Norway, are providing researchers with an insight into what the first life on Earth looked like. Foto: UiO/MERG

Like modern eukaryote cells this one has a membrane and a nucleus. Yet it evolved around one billion years ago, thus the connection to modern organisms. Human sperm cells with their one flagellum – a defining characteristic that makes it a cousin of plants, algae and excavates (single-celled parasites) which originally had two flagella. The oldest known protozoan had four flagellum, while the oldest known ameobae had one. This Norway protozoan combines branches of evolutionary life with the same intracellular structure as excavates, yet it uses the same protuberances as amoebae to catch its food – algae and other protozoans.

chromed stone lion

Lost in Translation: Tattoos and Cultural Appropriation. Every culture has appropriated everything from food to architecture from other cultures. In the case of tattoos and Japanese or Chinese characters people are taking characters that they like or may have some subconscious artistic appeal without verifying what it actually stands for. If you mean to get a character that means Loyalty, yet get one that means  Noodles, will you be able to talk yourself into believing it doesn’t mater when someone who reads Chinese tells you the real meaning.

Fox Won’t Let Go Of Ridiculous Myth That Obama “Apologized” For America. Those darn adults and their do what I say not what I do hypocrisy. None of the examples cited in the article support the Obama Derangement Sufferers version of events. Yet like every culture in the world kids in the good ol USA are told when they are young to admit mistakes and apologize. The reality is that when you get older, conservatives are saying that one should remain perpetually infantile – to never admit mistakes or to apologize. This is a sure way to infantilize an entire nation.

picture of pictures an ode to instagram.

The Real Roots of Sexism in the Middle East (It’s Not Islam, Race, or ‘Hate’) Arab societies suffer from deep misogyny, but the problem is not as particularly Arab or Islamic as you might think. Interesting article. Sexism does have its primary roots in human evolution. While there is still a way to go most Western Christians have adopted quite a bit of modernity into their thinking and cast off the worse part of their religious dogma. Regardless of its roots, Islam needs to do the way if it wants to advance economically and culturally. Its unfortunate that the trolls invaded the comment section of that article and used the opportunity to show that many Christians have cultural attributed as backwards as Iran’s mullahs.

How do you make a lie into a nation wide meme, repeat as often as possible: Regulation Reporting Malpractice Continues: Newspapers Increase Usage Of “Job-Killing Regulation” Language By 17,550%

If we were properly regulated, an actual free market economy, we would not have this – Way Too Big To Fail – 5 banks Own 56% of the Economy. Yet the very same people who accuse Democrats of being socialists will not let anyone break these banks up into smaller competitive entities.

Steampunk | Off Book | PBS

Johnny Nash – I Can See Clearly Now

 

some stuff about a key protein responsible for controlling nerve cell protection, chocolate splash wallpaper, new rule – reward incompetence

Considering the average age of the world’s population is increasing and the numbers of yearly strokes, I am a little surprised this story is not receiving much attention. Neuroscientists discover key protein responsible for controlling nerve cell protection

The research team, led by Professor Jeremy Henley and Dr Jack Mellor from Bristols Medical School, has identified a protein, known as SUMO, responsible for controlling the chemical processes which reduce or enhance protection mechanisms for nerve cells in the brain.

These key proteins produce subtle responses to the brains activity levels to regulate the amount of information transmitted by kainate receptors – responsible for communication between nerve cells and whose activation can lead to epileptic seizures and nerve cell death.

Protein function is controlled by altering their structure in processes that can be independent or inter-related including phosphorylation, ubiquitination and SUMOylation. In the present work it is shown that phosphorylation of kainate receptors on its own promotes their activity. However, phosphorylation also facilitates SUMOylation of kainate receptors that reduces their activity. Thus there is a dynamic and delicate interplay between phosphorylation and SUMOylation that regulates kainate receptor function.

This fine balance between phosphorylation and SUMOylation is dependent on brain activity levels where damaging activity that occurs during stroke or epilepsy will enhance SUMOylation and therefore reduce kainate receptor function to protect nerve cells.

The  findings seem to indicate a very finely tuned feedback loop SUMO and kainate receptors. Strokes and other neurological events can cause nerve cells to protect themselves from activity that seem out of sync with normal brain activity. It might be tempting to think of anything that disturbs neural signaling as a condition that would require treatment to improve the feedback loop. In the case of epilepsy for example, the answer might be to stop over stimulation via neural signaling between proteins and receptors.

chocolate splash wallpaper

In one of Mitt Romney’s speeches he said that he is ready to be promoted to the White House. As most of us know, in the real world while it frequently does not work at that, in our allegedly merit based society, people only get promotions if they have earned them. That is the ideal anyway. Romney has imbibed, and gotten high on the conservative movements embrace of rewarding incompetence. Examples of this were rampant in the G. W. Bush administration. Condelezza Rice was National Security adviser to Bush. Having decided to dismiss any of Richard Clark’s warnings, 9-11 occurred. Rice was eventually rewarded with a promotion to Secretary of State. Literally loyal conservatives were yanked from various places – some from the unemployment line to manage the rebuilding of Iraq – not based on any expertise they had, but purely for loyalty to the conservative movement. I wonder how many lives were lost because of how the conservative mind processes the concept of competence. Mitt Romney - The One Political Office He Held No One Would Re-elect Him For

But I could find no example of a major-party nominee whose only experience in government was serving as a governor, but who then made no effort to talk about this experience as part of his appeal to voters for national office. Nor could I find any examples of a governor quitting after one term, knowing he’d lose if he sought re-election, and then running for president.

And why is it, exactly, that Romney is avoiding the subject of his only background in public service? Perhaps because, during his 2003-to-2007 tenure, Romney failed to impress much of anyone.

“His favorability was basically a straight line down from his honeymoon,” said David Paleologos, director of Suffolk University’s Political Research Center and a longtime Massachusetts pollster. “Sometimes familiarity breeds contempt.” [...]

Romney entered the Massachusetts State House in January 2003 with a flashy favorability rating of 61 percent…. By November 2004, voters were souring, and a Suffolk poll found his favorable rating had dropped to 47 percent… By November 2006, as he closed out his increasingly absentee term, his overall job approval rating had cratered to 36 percent.

Thomas Whalen, a Boston University political science professor, put it this way: “To know Mitt Romney is to dislike him. That is the moral of the story.”

Maybe he looks better in hindsight? No, Romney’s former constituents still don’t like him and still don’t want him to be president.

Maybe it’s because he was a GOP governor in a reliably “blue” state? No, Massachusetts has had plenty of modern Republican governors — Weld, Cellucci, Swift — and all were more popular with their Bay State constituents than Romney.

This is all generally overlooked, which is a shame because it seems pretty important.

We’re talking about a politician who’s held public office just once, for a grand total of four years. During that one term, his constituents got a good look at his leadership, and came to actively dislike him.

Romney looked at this and thought, “Hey, now I’m ready for a promotion to the White House!”

Romney, like the Bush family, has a very low regard for objective truths. Why should they when they have been so successful at buying the impression of success. In a media saturated culture, with a memory that clings to sex scandals yet cannot name at least four Supreme Court justices, Romney has little disincentive to give up delusions he has spent a life time cultivating.

conservative fashion statement